PIs: Michael Bender and Mary-Lynn Dickson Graduate School of Oceanography University of Rhode Island South Ferry Road Narragansett, RI 02882-1197 Point of contact: Mary-Lynn Dickson 401-874-6420 firstname.lastname@example.orgMethodology: Gross oxygen production rates were measured by spiking seawater samples with 18O-labelled water and measuring the amount of 18O-labelled oxygen produced photosynthetically. This method measures gross primary production and has been described by Bender et al., 1987 (Limnology and Oceanography 32:1085-1098) and Grande et al., 1989 (Deep-Sea Research 36: 1621-1634). Net oxygen production was measured from changes in the oxygen concentration in incubated bottles. This represents net community production and is equivalent to gross oxygen production minus the oxygen consumed by autotrophic and heterotrophic respiration. Dark oxygen respiration rates were measured by incubating samples in the dark for 24 hours.
Gross and net oxygen production and respiration ratesProject/cruise: Process Cruise 2, Antarctic Polar Frontal Zone, KIWI09RR Ship: Roger Revelle
Seawater samples for the productivity experiments were collected using either 30 litre Go-Flo bottles attached to a trace metal clean rosette or from 10 litre Niskin bottles attached to the frame of a CTD rosette. Care was taken to minimize contamination of the seawater during sampling by using trace metal free powderless PVC gloves and silicon tubing that was cleaned prior to sampling by rinsing several times with 10% HCl, followed by rinses with distilled/deionized water. Once the rosette was retrieved, a member of the hydrographic team took a seawater sample for determination of the oxygen concentration from each Go-Flo or Niskin bottle first, followed by the oxygen production group. Quartz incubation bottles having a nominal volume of 100 ml were filled and allowed to overflow three to five volumes of seawater before being closed with a glass stopper. Oxygen production and respiration rate measurements were made by incubating samples in ondeck incubators cooled by running surface seawater for 24 hours.